A History of Subversive Remix Videos

(Muppets N.W.A. Remix „Fuck tha Police“, Direktlink)

Jonathan McIntosh hat für das Journal „Transformative Works and Cultures“ einen tollen Artikel1 geschrieben, in welchem er politische Remix-Videos aus der Zeit vor Youtube (Start: 2005) zusammengestellt hat. Die Geschichte beginnt bereits 1941 mit Lambeth Walk: Nazi Style und setzt sich dann in den 80ern fort mit Remixes von Winnieh Puuh und Ronald Reagan. Dazu hat McIntosh eine großartige Playlist auf Youtube zusammengestellt.

Hier geht’s zum Artikel, hier zur Video-Playlist (via Nerdcore)

Auf seinem Blog äußert sich McIntosh zur Arbeit:

For the purposes of creating this history I used five essential criteria to decide if a transformative video work fit into the political remix genre.

  • Works appropriate mass media audiovisual source material without permission from copyright holders, and rely on the fair use doctrine (or fair dealing in the UK).
  • Works comment on, deconstruct, or challenge media narratives, dominant myths, social norms, and traditional power structures—they can be either sympathetic to or antagonistic to their pop culture sources, sometimes both at the same time.
  • Works transform the original messages embedded in the source material, as well as the source material itself.
  • Works are intended for general audiences or do-it-yourself (DIY) communities rather than academic or high-art audiences, and thus tend to use familiar mass media formats such as trailers, television ads, music videos, and news segments as vehicles for the transformed messages.
  • Works are DIY productions and rely on grassroots distribution methods such as VHS tape duplicating circles, underground screenings, and, eventually, self-hosted Web sites. Since its launch in November 2005 many subversive video makers now put their works on YouTube.
    1. McIntosh, Jonathan. 2012. „A History of Subversive Remix Video before YouTube: Thirty Political Video Mashups Made between World War II and 2005.“ In „Fan/Remix Video,“ edited by Francesca Coppa and Julie Levin Russo, special issue, Transformative Works and Cultures, no. 9. [zurück]
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